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Not your typical jointer knife issue5/11
Have accurately set knives in a number of jointers and know all the basic moves. This one, though is something else again. The jointer is an "L Power" manufactured in the 1920s. Has a round, ball bearing head (original) that takes 3 knives of 16" width. Each knife is held in place by 4 gibs. The side facing the knife is machined on an angle, essentially creating a wedge which progressively tightens against the knife as the capscrews, which are inclined at right angles to the cutterhead, are tightened down and drive the wedge up. Am changing the knives one at a time and began by pulling the old one, cleaning the gibs in solvent and blowing dry and cleaning the area of the head that receives the knife.
Afraid I don't have much help for you. One thing is if the knives consistently jump upwards, could you use a block as a firm stop at the top?
If I'm understanding correctly it's similar to the Euro block shaper heads right? You tighten a screw downwards which pushes the wedge upwards? A good design for knives pinned into place, but I could see it being less than desirable for a floating jointer knife.
I would also recommend checking in with the guys as OWWM as they may have some useful tips for you.
You've got more patience than I have. I'd just let them be proud slightly, .015" is good. Then raise the outfeed table and gradually lower it, jointing the knives down using a sharpening stone clamped to it. I've even just put successively higher grit sandpaper on plate glass clamped to the outfeed, and spun the cutterhead in reverse by hand whipping the drive belt around if your motor doesn't reverse. The cut quality you get after jointing the knives with crisp 2000 grit silicon carbide sandpaper is slick as glass....
Piece of cake...
Hey Guys, thanks for taking the interest. Rick's suggestion was golden. Spent about 30 min per knife and hit the 0.001" tolerance at the ends of each knife. Turns out I'm not done yet though. I noticed earlier on that the knife height seemed to be low in the center and never assumed that a knife could be ground to a keen edge yet still be concave overall. Such was the case and I'll have to replace them with a new set. Another thing I noticed was that the outfeed table was 0.010" higher on one side than the other and not coplaner with the infeed. This particular jointer has a design similar to the older Crescents with a four point type table support with small inclined planes on each. Anyone have any experience setting these up or can maybe point me in the right direction? This is sure looking like "get to know your jointer" week. Thanks again. Tom
Piece of cake...with my technique you can compensate for curved knives. My sharpening service will straighten my knives if I ask them to. Steel can warp during sharpening. It won't warp every sharpening but it will every so often.
The inclined table adjusters found on Crescent jointers is better than parallelogram tables. Easy to adjust but you need a straight edge 2/3's the length of the overall jointer. Also an indicator to reference off the cutter. Every movement of an incline will make the opposite corner move the other way. When you think you are done turn the height adjuster crank to run the table down all the and run it up then recheck. If it stays coplanar then you are done. If not you should be closer than adjust some more.
I've had every issue can imagine with jointers. $35 please for the service call...
The Crescent adjuster are easy. Keep a little tension on the locking bolt and tap the adjuster with a hammer and a block of wood. You use a feeler gauge under the straight edge to track your progress. I'll take Crescent over the old Oliver which uses the same inclines with screw adjusters. The Crescent with it's single pedestal base can be put on a mobile base. If you move the Oliver the table must be releveled.
Forget the machinery jacks. I clearly stated the simple procedure on adjusting the Crescent type inclines. Slight tension on the lock screw and tapping the inclines with the wood block and hammer is simple and fast.
Each one of the inclines should have a locking bolt and there should be a slot to allow for adjustment. Using a jack and shims would be to make a simple thing more complicated. Sure take a close up picture of the incline. You said it was like the Crescent.
Did you understand the knife info? The only reason to get new knives is for a spare set or if they have been sharpened too many times. A slight crown in minor and can be dealt with. Have you asked your sharpening service to straighten them out. I've seen guys struggle with this for years but no one asks the sharpening service this question.
Some of the Pa Amish ,who have round head planers,jointers use planer blades that are a 1/8" higher than normal and drop the blades all the way into the bottom of the blade channel,press down and tighten.
I bought higher blades for my planer,but have not gotten them in yet.
I had a earlier 1895 -1900s L.Powers 20" Jointer with a square head and slot knives and sold it because of stories of the cutters coming loose. I know a guy who has all slot notched type blade machines and he uses new hardened bolts,nuts with spiney washers,some locktite and a torque wrench.