When I use a wipe-on stain on a solid wood raised panel, the end grain on the raised portion of the panel absorbs more stain than the flat parts, resulting in a blotchy, shadowy look. I have difficulty controlling this, especially when the raise also has a bead. This also happens at the ends of the stiles. I tried various and varying amounts of sealers with less than predictable results.
Do I need to fill the pores here? If so, how do I do that properly? Because of this problem, I have been resorting to spray dye stains. They look great but I know I can't rely on them all the time. I need to expand my finishing repertoire.
From Paul Snyder, forum technical advisor :
The key is to seal the end grain enough to prevent the stain soaking in and getting dark, without sealing so much that the stain can't color the wood at all.
Using a wash coat before staining will lighten the color the stain produces and you may want to use a dye on the bare wood and/or a toner to make up the loss.
Try varying the solids content of the wash coat between 5% and 15%. For stains that cause a lot of blotching, somewhere around 10% works most of the time. For stains that don't blotch badly, 5% works well.
Here's an explanation of calculating and adjusting the solids content of your wash coat: Wash Coats
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